Home blood sugar testing is not usually necessary for people who are diet controlled. Expert Blogs and Interviews. Tour de Cure Women's Series. Diabets And Stay Fit. The Cochrane Database of Mellihus Reviews 9 : CD From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These treatments are discussed in detail in separately. Diabetes mellitus DMcommonly referred to as diabetesis a group of metabolic diseases in which there msllitus high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Therefore, these patients are dependent on exogenous insulin. The onset of symptomatic disease may be sudden. See "Patient education: Type 2 diabetes mellitus and diet Beyond the Basics ". Many patients with type 2 diabetes are asymptomatic. Risks to the baby include macrosomia high birth weightcongenital heart and central nervous system abnormalities, and How to lose weight successfully if you are a teenager muscle malformations.
This causes high blood sugar glucose levels, which can lead to a number of complications if untreated. People with type 2 diabetes require regular monitoring and ongoing treatment to maintain normal or near-normal blood sugar levels. Treatment includes lifestyle adjustments, self-care measures, and medicines, which can minimize the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular heart-related complications.
This topic review will discuss the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Careful control of blood sugars can help prevent the long-term effects of poorly controlled blood sugar diabetic complications of the eye, kidney, nervous system, and cardiovascular system. Home blood sugar testing is not usually necessary for people who are diet controlled. See "Patient education: Self-blood glucose monitoring in diabetes mellitus Beyond the Basics ".
Your doctor or nurse can help set your blood sugar goal. The A1C blood test measures your average blood sugar level during the past two to three months. Reducing A1C levels reduces risk for kidney, eye, and nerve disease so-called microvascular complications. For some people, a higher A1C goal may be chosen for safety reasons. A health care provider can help determine your A1C goal. People with type 2 diabetes have on average twice the risk of cardiovascular disease as those without diabetes.
A detailed discussion of ways to prevent How to lose weight successfully if you are a teenager is available separately. See "Patient education: Preventing complications in diabetes mellitus Beyond the Basics ". Changes in diet can improve many aspects of type 2 diabetes, including your weight, blood pressure, and your body's ability to produce and respond to insulin. Detailed information about type 2 diabetes and diet is available separately. See "Patient education: Type 2 diabetes mellitus and diet Beyond the Basics ".
Regular exercise can help control type 2 diabetes, even if you do not lose weight. Exercise improves blood sugar control because it improves how your body responds to weeight. See "Patient education: Diabetes mellitus type 2: Alcohol, exercise, and medical care Beyond the Basics ". Metformin improves how your body responds to insulin to reduce high blood sugar levels. Metformin is a pill that is usually started with the evening meal; a second dose is added one to two weeks later with breakfast.
The dose weightt be increased every one to two weeks thereafter. These are usually not severe, especially if you take metformin along with food. Patients with certain types of kidney, liver, and heart disease and those who How to lose weight successfully if you are a teenager alcohol excessively should not take metformin. You should stop taking metformin 48 hours before any test that uses iodine-based contrast dye like a computed tomography [CT] scan with contrastand mellitu should stop it before any type of surgery.
See "Patient education: Diabetes mellitus type 2: Insulin treatment Beyond the How to lose weight successfully if you are a teenager ". Which second medicine is best? Insulin shots might be recommended as the second medicine if your A1C is higher than 8. The "best" second medicine depends upon individual factors, including the person's weight, other medical problems, and preferences regarding use of injections. See 'GLP agonists' below. They work by increasing the amount of insulin your body makes and can lower blood sugar levels lloss approximately 20 Kaiser weight loss programs colorado. However, they stop working over time.
Sulfonylureas are generally used if metformin does not adequately control blood sugar levels weght taken alone. You should not take a sulfonylurea in the setting of kidney failure. Most clinicians use sulfonylureas in patients with allergies to sulfonamide antibiotics sulfa drugswhich share some characteristics with sulfonylureas, without any problems. A number of sulfonylureas are available sample brand names: Glucotrol, DiaBeta, Micronase, Glynase, Amaryland the choice between them depends weught upon cost and availability.
Although they work similarly, we usually recommend the shorter-duration medications, such as glipizide brand name: Glucotrol and glimepiride brand name: Amarylas they are safer with regard to hypoglycemia.
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Apr 21, · Type 1 diabetes is a chronic illness characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin due to the autoimmune destruction of the beta cells in the. Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. SOURCES: American Diabetes Association: "Statistics About Diabetes," " Type 1 Diabetes," " Type 2," "Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes.". Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative. TYPE 2 DIABETES OVERVIEW. Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs when the pancreas (an organ in the abdomen) produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin.